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Types and Material of Bachi

March 15, 2019

Types and Material of Bachi

Bachi is a pair of stick used for playing taiko drums. There are 5 main materials of bachi: kashi (oak), kaede (maple), tabu (machilus), ho (magnolia), and hinoki (cypress). They have different hardness and weight. In addition, there are some variations in size and shape. If you just started learning taiko and play the nagado daiko, we recommend bachi, which has 2.5cm in diameter and 40cm in length.

 

  1. Shape 

  2. Material 

  3. Maintenance 

  4. Playing Style 

  5. Other 

 

1. Shape


Straight Bachi
(For Nagado Daiko, Hirado Daiko, Okedo Daiko & Odaiko)
Nagado DaikoHirado DaikoOkedo DaikoOdaiko

 Nagado Bachi

Straight bachi is used for playing nagado daiko and hirado daiko.
Thickness: about 2.1cm-2.5cm (about 0.8in-1in)
Length: about 33cm-42cm (about 13-17in)

Recommended Bachi

Nagado Bachi Long

Long and thick bachi is used for playing odaiko. It's made of light material because it's long and thick. 
Thickness: about 3.0cm-4.0cm (about 1.2in-1.6in)
Length: about 45cm-55cm (about 18-22in)

Recommended Bachi


Tapered Bachi
(For Shime Daiko)
Shime Daiko

Shime Bachi

Tapered bachi is used for playing shime daiko. Hitting end is tapered and thinner than grip end. It is easy to play fast tempo. 
Thickness (hitting end): about 1.8cm-2.4cm (about 0.7in-0.9in)
Thickness (grip end): about 1.9cm-2.8cm (about 0.7in-1.1in)
Length: about 33cm-41cm (about 13-16in)

Recommended Bachi


Thin Bachi
(For Katsugi Oke Daiko)
Katsugi Oke Daiko

Thin Bachi

Thin bachi is used for playing katsugi oke daiko. 
Thickness: about 1.8cm-2.0cm (about 0.7in-0.8in)
Length: about 38cm-40cm (about 15-16in)

Recommended Bachi

 

Types of Taiko

Do you know the types of taiko? See also this article. 

Types of Taiko

 

2. Material


Bachi Wood Chart

Kashi (Oak)
Bachi Kashi Oak Kashi Oak Bachi Heavy Hard

Kashi (oak) is the hardest wood of bachi. Player needs enough strength to play with bachi made of this heavy wood. Also, it's enough hard to hit the tacks (byou) and the edge (fuchi) of the taiko body. But, please don't hit them strongly because kashi (oak) wood is so hard that it breaks them. 

Recommended Bachi


Kaede (Maple)
Bachi Kaede Maple Kaede Maple Bachi Heavy Hard

Kaede (maple) is the second hardest and heaviest wood of bachi. It is lighter than kashi (oak) but heavier than other wood and popular among players who want a little heavy bachi. Due to the weight of the bachi, the player can play taiko without unnecessary power. 

Recommended Bachi


Tabu (Machilus)
Bachi Tabu Machilus Tabu Machilus Bachi Heavy Hard

Tabu (machilus) is a little hard wood of bachi. It has the moderate weight and easy to play. It's harder than soft material like ho (magnolia) and softer than kaede (maple). It's not too much heavy and hard. So, it's recommended for beginners. 

Recommended Bachi


Ho (Magnolia)
Bachi Ho Magnolia Bachi Ho Magnolia Ho Magnolia Bachi Soft Light

Ho (magnolia) is soft and light wood of bachi. Bachi made of ho (magnolia) is often used for taiko of which the head is soft and thin. For example, bachi for katsugi oke daiko is made of ho (magnolia) to reduce the damage on the head. However, it's easily dented by hitting hard part of the taiko like tacks (byou) and edge (fuchi). It makes a soft sound. 

Recommended Bachi


Hinoki (Cypress)
Bachi Hinoki Cypress Hinoki Cypress Bachi Soft Light

Hinoki (cypress) is the excellent wood of bachi. If you want to make loud sound, bachi made of hinoki (cypress) is recommended. This light wood is often used for thick and long bachi. For example, bachi for odaiko and miyake style is made of hinoki (cypress). Bachi for yatai style is also made of this. It fits nicely the player's hand. 

Recommended Bachi

 

3. Maintenance


Broken bachi damages the skin of the taiko. In that case, purchase new bachi or make the surface of the bachi smooth with the sandpaper. 
Broken Bachi

Bachi bag prevents it from scratches. We have some recommendations. Please check. 
Bachi Bag Sticks Inside

 

4. Playing Style


Miyake Style

Miyake Style Taiko

Bachi made of hinoki (cypress) is used for playing miyake style taiko. It's thick and long but shorter than bachi for odaiko. 

Recommended Bachi


Yatai Style

Yatai Style Taiko

As well as bachi for miyake, bachi for yatai style is made of hinoki (cypress). It's a little tapered shape and thicker end is hitting end (thinner end is grip end). 

Recommended Bachi


Kagaribi Style

Bachi for Kagaribi Daiko

Bachi with tassels on the ends are used for kagaribi style. Player swings it like twirling a baton. 

Recommended Bachi

 

5. Other


Children 

Bachi for children (under 8 years old) should be lighter and shorter than bachi for adults. We recommend bachi in 2.3cm x 37cm (0.9in x 15in). If they are as tall as adults, bachi in 2.5cm x 40cm is recommended. 

Recommended Bachi


Taiko Game

Taiko video game is popular around the world. There are enthusiastic users play it with their original bachi (called my bachi) at amusement arcade in Japan. 

 Bachi for Taiko Game

To get high score, bachi with sharper end is recommended. It's easy to do drum rolls. If the wood is too light, the sensor may not be tripped. So, the bachi should be moderate weight and bachi made of ho (magnolia) is recommended. Because the hitting end is sharp, it shouldn't be used for real taiko drums. 

Recommended Bachi

 

How to Hold Bachi Sticks

Want to know how to hold bachi? See also this article. 

How to Hold Bachi Sticks


Size of Taiko

Which size should I use? See also this article. 

Size of Taiko 




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